Saturday, October 22, 2005

Slovenian political, social and economic system

Government type: parliamentary democratic republic The Slovenian head of state is the president, who is elected by popular vote every 5 years. The executive branch is headed by the prime minister and the council of ministers or cabinet, which are elected by the parliament.The bicameral Slovenian parliament consists of the National Assembly or Državni zbor, and the Državni svet or National Council. The National Assembly has 90 seats, which are partially filled with directly elected representatives, and partially with proportionally elected representatives (two seats reserved for autochthonous Hungarian and Italian minorities). The National Council has 40 seats, and is made up of representatives of social, economic, professional and local interest groups. Parliamentary elections are held every four years, while National Council members are elected indirectly every 5 years.

Executive branch
1. the president of the state

2. the prime minister (The leader of the majority party is usually nominated to become prime minister by the president and elected by the National Assembly.)

3. Council of Ministers (Cabinet)


Legislative branch

1. National Assembly (
“Državni zbor”)
2. National Council (“Državni svet”) This is primarily and advisory body organized on
corporatist principles with limited legislative powers, it may propose laws, ask to review any National Assembly decisions and call national referenda.

Judicial branch
1. Supreme Court (Judges are elected by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the Judicial Council.)

2. Constitutional Court (Judges are elected for nine-year terms by the National Assembly and nominated by the president.)


Economy
Slovenia is a high-income economy which enjoys the highest GDP per capita of the newly joined EU countries. GDP (gross domestic product) is often seen as an indicator of the standard of living in a country and is a measure of the value of economic production. In March 2004, Slovenia became the first transition country to graduate from borrower status to donor partn
er at the World Bank. The country has a relatively high rate of inflation (3.6% in 2004) when compared to the European Union average, even though inflation is expected to decline in 2005 to 2.5%. Slovenia's economy grew impressively in 2004, by 4.6%. Overall, the country is on a sound economic footing. However, much work remains to be done in the areas of privatization and capital market reform. The privatizations were already seen in the banking, telecommunications, and public utility sectors. Restrictions on foreign investment are slowly being dismantled, and foreign direct investment is expected to increase over the next two years. Slovenia can be considered one of the economic front-runners of the countries that joined the European Union in 2004. In mid-2004 Slovenia agreed to adopt the euro by 2007 and therefore, must keep its debt levels, budget deficities, interest rates and inflation levels within the Maastrict criteria.

Social System
The area of social care is one of the branches of social security and is founded on social justice,
solidarity and the principles of equal access and free selection of forms. The basic starting point for measures in the area of social care is ensuring dignity and equal opportunities and the prevention of social exclusion. A basic condition for the operation of Slovenia as a social state is harmonised economic and social development. The Republic of Slovenia has adopted a definition of social security as the right of the individual to be insured for the following risks: illness, unemployment, old age, injury at work, disability, motherhood, child maintenance and payments to family members after the death of the person maintaining the family, and the rights governed in Slovenia by the Social Security Act. Under the provisions of the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia, the state is obliged to arrange compulsory health, pensions, disability and other social insurance, and to ensure their operation. It is at the same time obliged to protect the family, motherhood, fatherhood, children and young people, and to create the necessary conditions for such protection.
Marinka Žitnik

Sources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics_of_Slovenia

http://www.gov.si/mddsz/index.php
http://www.ljse.si
http://www.ds-rs.si http://www.partow.net

1 Comments:

Blogger Vida said...

I like it. Way to go!

3:52 PM  

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